Gough Whitlam turned 59 on July 11, 1975.
He was besieged by the Loans Affair and facing a perilous by-election in the Tasmanian seat of Bass. Facing a difficult state election, South Australia’s Labor Premier, Don Dunstan, was distancing himself from his federal counterparts.
Having dismissed Dr. Jim Cairns, Whitlam was under pressure from within the ALP.
The Melbourne Herald reported Whitlam’s birthday.